On February 18, the international day of Asperger syndrome is celebrated, which constitutes an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that primarily affects social communication skills and the flexibility of thinking and behavior of the person presenting it.
This disorder is a great unknown to society and even some professionals, despite its high frequency. In the last decades, the prevalence of all Autism Spectrum Disorders has increased significantly, currently standing at 1 case per 100 births, which is more than 550,000 the number of people in Spain.
For the specialists it is necessary an adequate identification and early attention, a good family environment, an adequate educational response, a high intellectual and learning capacity, are factors that predict a better social, personal and emotional adjustment in adult life. For all these reasons, it is essential that the ASD be identified and diagnosed as early as possible, and that access to specialized and individualized supports be guaranteed that each person also needs as soon as possible and throughout their life.
But what characteristics does a person with Asperger’s syndrome have ?: Difficulties in understanding and using the keys of nonverbal communication (gestures, facial expressions, tone of voice, etc.) and the subtle messages that are transmitted through this channel ; the formally appropriate use of language, although at times it may seem too precise for the situation or excessive literality in the understanding of language, which is interpreted on the basis of the exact meaning of the words. This causes difficulties to understand the jokes, the jokes, the metaphors, the statements with double sense or the sarcasms, among others. In addition, they prefer and retain behavior routines that repeat cyclically and repetitively.
Training, awareness, integration and above all understanding are fundamental elements for people with Asperger to develop their functions, routines and work and personal habits every day. Ignorance cannot lead to the forgetting of a collective that needs to be heard and understood.