One of the most disabling diseases in the world today is ataxia, which is not a specific disease with a single cause, but rather a syndrome caused by different diseases and elements, all of them causing the terrible effects of lack of coordination of movement or difficulties in speech, swallowing and fundamental functions in the body.
Ataxia consists of a lack of muscle control and coordination of voluntary movements, such as walking or picking up objects. As a sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect other body functions and create difficulties with speech, eye movement, and swallowing.
Persistent ataxia is usually the result of damage to the cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls muscle coordination. Many conditions can cause ataxia, including alcohol abuse, certain medications, strokes, tumors, cerebral palsy, brain degeneration, and multiple sclerosis. It can also have hereditary genetic causes.
Treatment for ataxia depends on the cause. Adaptive devices, such as walkers or canes, can help maintain some ability to move and avoid total dependence. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and regular aerobic exercise can also help with some recovery or relaxation. disability does not advance.
Ataxia can manifest itself over time or appear suddenly, but there are always warning symptoms, such as unsteady gait or a tendency to stumble. It also has manifestations in the difficulty to write as before or to perform simple tasks such as buttoning shoes or buttoning a shirt. Ataxia can also cause changes in speech or difficulty swallowing food.
One of the diseases most directly associated with ataxia is multiple sclerosis and it is the most serious but not the only one. Ataxia can occur from head trauma or stroke. Also some infections that affect the immune system can degenerate into ataxia.
And something very important. Some medications, especially sedatives and barbiturates, can cause ataxia in some patients so it is important to always observe the doctor’s instructions.
Another cause, although less common, of ataxia, is the deficiency of Bitamin E or B12, so it is essential, especially from a certain age, to eat foods rich in these vitamins. And, as we have already said, another cause is alcohol abuse. Avoiding it and eating a careful diet, as well as exercising regularly, are essential for its prevention.