A historical political rhetorical in the political heart of the United States and the world. A fact that inspired a generation and made it possible to believe in the American dream again.
On August 28, 1963, in front of the Abraham Lincoln Memorial, in the political heart of the United States and the world, in Washington DC, the min and civil rights leader of African-Americans, Martin Luther King, who would turn 91 today, said his famous and remembered speech “I have a Dream”
A brilliant speech with a careful and extraordinary oratory. A text that served as the basis and belief for many movements originating in the 60s and 70s, and especially, for the struggle of African-American women for their message of hope and equality. Intellectual and influential women who broke their silence and the limitations of the corset of racial stereotypes such as Angela Davis, June Jordan, Audre Lorde, Maya Angelou, Toni Morrison, Bell Hooks, Alice Walker, Shirley Chisholm or Barbara Smith Conrad, between others.
Historical events have revealed that the struggle of women began long before the birth of Martin Luther King. Some historians place it around the 13th century and others consider it formally started in the 19th century. For this reason we cannot forget those hidden figures that preceded those mentioned as Harriet Tubman, Sojouner Truth, Madame CJ Walker, Anna Julia Cooper or Ida Wells Barnett.
This broad spectrum of African-American women fighters, unlike known feminism, have different stories and different vindications. Her speech is aimed at the deconstruction and reconstruction of the stereotypes that delegitimize them in society, not only because they are women but also because of their racial status. So, her story has to be told from her own perspective, vision and heart.
Thanks to all those women who laid the foundations of black feminism, they have emerged from intellectual, political and social referents like Wangari Maathai, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Mae Jemison, Condolezza Rice, Michelle Obama, Sahlework Zewde, Misty Copeland or Meghan Markle.
Martin Luther King’s speech was not only the heart and emotional pillar of the struggle for the civil rights of African Americans, but also the reliable proof of the power of transformation and the magic of words. Words that Barack Obama himself gathered in his investiture speech full of courage and optimism and that women now return to becoming heirs of the struggle for equality, vindication and empowerment.