Every moment of our life is an instant of discovery. Time to explore and know. And we can do it physically or with our mind. The concept of travel goes beyond taking a means of transport. Our mind is very powerful and images, nowadays, move, they are located, and we find them beyond the possibility of reaching the places they reflect. Today tourism is limited by a situation that conditions the traveler. That is why we want to bring you closer to places that have something special for our dreams. Iceland, Island in Icelandic, Iceland in English, as its name suggests, the land of ice, is a wonderful place to meet and fantasize. A place of rivers and lakes frozen in winter but also of volcanoes and volcanic sources that are beneficial to health at all times of the year. A country different from most of Europe, except for some regions in northern Scandinavia, with a relatively small population and mainly concentrated in the capital Reykjavik.
Formed by a large island and other small and adjacent islets, its total population does not reach half a million inhabitants for a large area of land, 103,000 km2. Iceland. With an exceptionally temperate climate, despite the latitude, thanks to the Gulf Stream, although it is a country of ice.
In 1783, the Laki volcano eruption caused one of the greatest environmental catastrophes in European history. It lasted 8 months, wiped out 25% of the Icelandic population and produced a cloud of ash and dust that brought a three-year famine around the world, killing approximately 6 million people in what became known as’ The Hardships. en la Niebla ”and is considered one of the most important climatic events and with the greatest social repercussions of the last millennium.
Traditionally under the rule of Denmark, in 1918 it became independent from the Danish kingdom although it has always maintained strong ties of all kinds with the Scandinavian country, in fact most of its inhabitants have Danish Viking origin.
The closest lands to the country are Greenland (287 km) and the Faroe Islands (420 km). The closest distance to mainland Europe is 970 km, towards Norway. You have to look at the globe and its distances, not as we are used to the extended world map, of course.
Lakes and glaciers cover 14.3% of the country and only 23% are covered by vegetation. The main glacier is the Vatnajokull, which is the largest in all of Europe. And the largest lake is the Porisvatn with about 90 km2. And a curiosity: it also has the deepest lake in the Northern Hemisphere, Oskjuvatn, with more than two kilometers deep.
Another element of interest to the traveler is the multitude of beautiful existing fjords. And of the national parks. Also in this section, Iceland has the largest and most extensive of the European community: the Vatnajokull National Park, where the glacier of the same name is located. Iceland is a natural paradise with huge wildlife protected areas (it is the breeding place of choice for many migratory species), a place where ecologists will find land, clean air and unpolluted waters.
Akureyri is the largest town outside the Reykjavík area, the capital which accounts for 60 percent of the population. And then everything is small rural towns scattered along the coast, fishing fleet sites, since most Icelanders live off fishing, which provides 40% of exports.
Despite the decision to resume commercial whaling in 2006, the tourism sector has grown in importance, with growing ecotourism trends and whale watching
Curiosity: Iceland has a high rate of cars per capita: there are 1.5 vehicles for each inhabitant, making this the main means of transport as another peculiarity almost unique in the world: there is no railroad in Iceland.
And another curiosity, this time cultural, one of the most international works of one of the fathers of science fiction, Jules Verne, is inspired by the island of Iceland ;: Journey to the Center of the Earth, where the protagonists travel to the Snaefellsjokull volcano, through which they enter to reach the earth’s heart.
We are not going to see great monuments in Iceland. Not even in Reykjavik, except for the Opera and Parliament buildings. But all of Iceland is a great natural monument, a work of art of Nature that, if any of us can do it, we must visit and it will be an unforgettable experience. Islancia is the closest place to the creation of the world.