To talk about Luis María Anson is to talk about journalism, culture and Spain. Journalist, number one of its promotion, former president of the Efe Agency, director of ABC for 15 years and founder and president of the newspaper La Razón, among many other positions and positions of responsibility, make Luis María Anson one of the key figures of culture and periodism, both in the democratic transition and today, as president of the digital newspaper El Imparcial of the Ortega-Marañón Foundation and El Cultural, a reference magazine of Spanish intellectual life. In addition to all these professional functions Luis María Anson is an excellent writer and author of several essays that earned him the National Prize for Literature. Academician of the Royal Spanish Academy since 1996 and Prince of Asturias Award for Communication and Humanities in 1991, an Ibero-news survey placed Luis María Anson as the leading journalist of the twentieth century, followed by ABC founder Torcuato Luca de Tena, from El Debate, Ángel Herrera Oria and from El País, Juan Luis Cebrián. About one of his essay books, La Negritud, published almost half a century ago, in 1971, we wanted to ask you today.

1.- In his essay …

“La Negritud” began as a purely literary movement, driven by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Aimé Césaire. Then, as it happened with Romanticism, it was extended to the orders of all life. To talk about “La Negritud” today is to refer to the validity of the black race in science, literature, plastic arts, music, politics, sports, movies, television, social life …

2.- One of the topics …

Europe displayed for several centuries a colonialist reality that was positive in many different aspects and contributed to the creation of numerous modern states. It also had seriously negative aspects, especially the treatment of the black race, with the terrible passage of slavery. Many millions of blacks who had previously been “hunted” in their countries of origin were transferred from Africa to America over four centuries in the prisons of the black ships.

 3.-  “La Negritud” one of the…

“La Negritud”  is the culture of rhythm and not only in music. Also in poetry, theater and novel. That rhythmic factor is noticed especially in music. Europe has danced to the rhythm of black African for many centuries. Quevedo has unforgettable pages about this reality that I synthesized in my book La Negritud. Picasso or Vlaminck’s painting is directly influenced by the artistic concept of the black race with its many varieties. The cultural expressions of the black race throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries are not primitive, but elementary. And that authenticity of the elemental mental stripped European literature and plastic arts of their baroque ornaments.

4.- As a writer, it will be convenient …

In occidental culture there are numerous cases of writers who are undoubtedly in “La Negritud” and not only those who were raised with the Noble Prize. Nicolás Guillén, for example, is a symbol of the culture of Blackness. We will not attend the growth and knowledge of great figures. We are attending now. Just read the magazine Mundo Negro to see month by month the amazing development of literature and plastic arts in the world of “La Negritud”.

5.- There are African writers …

Of course, personally I considera that the most important thing in the culture of “La Negritud”. is that it maintains authenticity, the pride of belonging to an incomparable race that has exceptional characteristics and is mistaken when trying to imitate occidental currents.

6.- Africa has experienced …

The values​​of “La Negritud” are those that magnify Africa and Black African America. Politically, much progress has been made, although there is a long way to go. 50 years ago it was possible to predict that the world’s first material power would have a black president and the first spiritual power, the Vatican, a black Pope. The first has already happened. The second, for only a couple of votes in the Conclave, has not yet occurred. But the day will come when a black Supreme Pope will bless us from the balcony of St. Peter’s Basilica. And, throughout the 21st century, Africa will go from being a colonized and poor continent to bursting with power and wealth.

7.- After the essay …

Human rights have resolved in part, only partly, in occidental democracies the treatment of the black race. Much progress has been made, although the path that is still necessary to travel is long. In any case, it is clear that the culture of “La Negritud”, from literature to sport, has enriched the western world. The values of the black communities are on the rise in a stronger and stronger way.

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