The exhibition on the History of Animation in Spain, which was to open this March 20th, delays its opening “live” but here we bring you an advance.
The exhibition that will have its opening at the moment when this stage in which we live now immersed passes, is one of the most attractive and interesting of the moment. It is a retrospective of the History of Animation in Spain, from its first animations and works to the present day.
The animation in Spanish cinema has a long tradition, the animation cinema in Spain starts in 1915. Chomón’s second Aragonese was one of the world’s pioneers in the production of special effects and animations, although he did most of his work outside Spain at the beginning of the century. Because of this, the animation in our country is considered to appear in 1915 with the missing short film Alfred Fontanals’ London Apache, which lasted six minutes, and was a silent black and white film. It would take several years until a Spanish cartoon company was created and founded in 1932 by the cartoonists Joaquin Xaudaro and Ricardo García, who signed K-Hito and the aquarelist Antonio Got. They created the Spanish Society of Cartoons, the S.E.D.A and made four films: “Un Drama en la Costa”(1933), “La rata primero” (1933), “Francisca, la mujer fatal” (1934) and “Serenata” (1934). However, it all ended with the start of the Spanish Civil War. Xaudar, K-hito and Got are a reference in the history of illustrations and animation in Spain. Some of his paper works are also in the exhibition now offered to the public.
Already, in 1945, an important fact occurs: Spain produced the first European feature film of animation in color: “Garbancito de la Mancha”. Later, The Moor Studios were one of the first studies in the world to apply animation to Advertising, with the creation of animations with drawings and also with step-by-step shooting with figures made with cardboard and clay. A technique that pioneered the theme of animation and was also used in the world in films of alien monsters and invasions. The Moro studios, created by the famous cartoonists and directors at that time, Jose Luis and Santiago Moro, also began to make animations for the first television in Spain in black and white.
They were the creators of Familia Telerín and also of the mythical Pumpkin “La Calabaza” of one of the most successful programs, One, Two, Three. Estudios Moro also made advertisements for Gallina Blanca and Cola Cao and were internationally recognized with the most important animation awards as one of the best animation studios in the world. Among the awards are three Golden Palm of the Cannes Film Festival, in the animation section and five SAWA awards (Screen Advertising Worl Asociattion). In fact, the Moro brothers were two of the greatest geniuses of animation worldwide in the second half of the 20th century.
Fidd event are, for example, that the universally famous Flintstones were shot and created in Spain. In the early 1970s, the Spanish animation production company, Filman began working for the most important American and world producers, with Hanna &Barbera and among other unforgettable productions is the Yogi Bear series. Other animation stories include the Cruz Delgado Studios, creators, among other productions, of The 4 Musicians of Bremen or the character of Tadeo Jones.
In the 21st century, in 2001, another milestone occurs: the first 3D animated film is Spanish: The Enchanted Forest “El Bosque Animado”
And we got to Pocoyo. Created by Madrid-based producer Zinkia and released in 2005, he was awarded the following year with a BAFTA award from the British Academy of Film Arts and Television to the best Preschool Animation series.
Pocoyo was so successful that in the same year, 2006, he was the cover of the important Wall Street Journal. The little Pocoyó series and its animal friends have been broadcast in more than 150 countries, while its YouTube channel has 7,63 million viewers and accumulates more than 5.250 million visualizations.
Already today, three Spanish animated films have participated in the Oscar race. The last to do so was Klaus, by Sergio Pablos, who was nominated in the last edition of 2020. He had previously been awarded a BAFTA for Best Animation feature and seven Annie Awards, the most prestigious awards in the animation industry.
Around 250 companies are engaged in animation in Spain, a sector that, in 2017 alone, billed EUR 654 million, placing the country as the fifth largest producer in the world and the second largest European producer of this type of feature film. In addition, there are Spanish artists in virtually all international animation productions. For example, Raúl García participated in who deceived Roger Rabbit (1988) or Aladdin (1992).
Animación.es STORY OF AN EXHIBITION. UNTIL SEPTEMBER 20th AT MUSEO ABC: AMANIEL 29-31, MADRID